Composites with inorganic matrix for sustainable strengthening of architectural heritage – MAECI 2016-2018

Design of externally bonded reinforcements with FRCM systems


Fabric-reinforced cementitious matrix (FRCM) systems for repairing and strengthening masonry structures are an alternative to traditional techniques such as fiber-reinforced polymers (FRPs), steel plate bonding, section enlargement, and external post-tensioning. FRCM are composite materials consisting of a sequence of one or more layers of inorganic (i.e., typically, cement or lime-based) matrix reinforced with dry fibers in the form of open mesh, fabric or textile. In particular, the structural reinforcement fabric for FRCM consists of an open grid fabric (mesh) of strands made of (carbon, alkali-resistant glass, polymeric or basalt) fibers, or of steel ropes or cords of twisted micro wires arranged to form a unidirectional textile. The cement-based matrixes are typically made of combinations of portland cement, silica fume, and fly ash as the binder. When adhered to masonry structural members, FRCM systems act as supplemental, externally bonded reinforcement.

This research aims at developing a guide for the design of Externally Bonded Fabric-Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM) Systems for Repair and Strengthening Masonry Structures. The document will include different sections including:

  • Scientific State of the Art
  • Field application examples
  • Material characteristics and system qualification
  • Design philosophy
  • Design rules for strengthening of walls under out-of-plane loads
  • Masonry crowning-beams and tying-up of walls
  • Design rules for strengthening of walls under in-plane loads
  • Design rules for strengthening of vaults
  • Confinement of columns
  • Reinforcement details
  • Design examples


Key publications on this topic

  • Meriggi, P., de Felice, G., De Santis, S. Design of the out-of-plane strengthening of masonry walls with fabric reinforced cementitious matrix composites. Construction and Building Materials 2019;240:117946. DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117946.
  • De Santis S, Bellini A, de Felice G, Mazzotti C, Meriggi P. Design of the out-of-plane strengthening of masonry walls with Textile Reinforced Mortar composites. Proc. Int. Conf. CICE 2018, 9th International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites in Civil Engineering. Paris, France, 17-19 July 2018.